Raspberry had prostate cancer and died at his home in Washington, his wife, Sondra Raspberry, told The Post. A Post spokeswoman confirmed his death.
Raspberry, who grew up in segregated Mississippi, wrote an opinion column for the Post for nearly 40 years. More than 200 newspapers carried his column in syndication before he retired in 2005.
He won the Pulitzer for commentary in 1994, becoming the second black columnist to achieve the honor. His columns covered topics including urban violence, the legacies of civil rights leaders and female genital mutilation in Africa.
Raspberry started at The Post in 1962 as a teletype operator and began working as a reporter within months. In 1965, he covered the riots in the Watts section of Los Angeles, and he began writing a column on local matters a year later.
At the time, the only nationally syndicated black columnist in the mainstream media was Carl Rowan. Raspberry's column moved to The Post's op-ed page in 1970.
''Bill Raspberry inspired a rising generation of African-American columnists and commentators who followed in his path, including me,'' said Clarence Page, a Pulitzer-winning columnist with the Chicago Tribune.
Although he considered himself a liberal, Raspberry's moderate, nuanced positions on issues including civil rights and gun control garnered criticism from both the right and the left. He was especially concerned with the problems of ordinary people. He told Editor & Publisher magazine in 1994 that reporters could ''care about the people they report on and still retain the capacity to tell the story straight.''
He taught journalism for more than 10 years at Duke University. A collection of his columns, ''Looking Back at Us,'' was published in 1991.
The son of two teachers, Raspberry was born in 1935 in the northeastern Mississippi town of Okolona. He attended Indiana Central College, now the University of Indianapolis, and joined The Post after a stint as a public information officer with the Army.
Born October 12, 1935, he was known for his moderate views and died at his home in Washington, D.C.
Funeral service will be held for Raspberry on Thursday, July 26, 10 a.m., at the Washington National Cathedral in Washington, D.C.
Also, Actor Sherman Hemsley, star of "The Jefferson," died of natural causes at his home in El Paso, Texas Tuesday. He was 74, born February 1, 1938 in Philadelphia, Penn. Hemsley was the son of a printing press-working father and a factory-working mother. He served in the Air Force and worked for eight years as a clerk in the U.S. Postal Service.